Program Details

Kristallnacht: The Beginning of the Road to the Final Solution - Boca Raton

Irving Berkowitz
Video Catch-up

Course Description

This year we commemorate 85 years since the catastrophic events of November 9 & 10, 1938, known as Kristallnacht, "The Night of Broken Glass." This was a two-day pogrom that targeted Jews and Jewish institutions in Germany and its occupied lands. Holocaust scholars like Dr. Irving Berkowitz view Kristallnacht as a fateful and forceful "Beginning  of the Road to the Final Solution." The assassination of a low-level German diplomat in Paris by a 17-year-old Jewish youth would become the pretext by the Nazis for orchestrating a "spontaneous uprising" (a reprisal) that would damage or destroy over 1,000 synagogues, 7,500 businesses and murder 91 Jewish people. Join us as Dr. Berkowitz analyzes and explains the roots and ramifications of the Nazi-instigated atrocities that made Kristallnacht the symbolic beginning of the Reich's "Aryanization" of Germany and the vanguard of its genocidal campaign of expulsion and extermination of Jews, the Holocaust.

About the Instructor

  • Dr. Irving Berkowitz is the Emeritus Dean of Academic Affairs at Palm Beach State College, a position from which he retired after 8 years in 2020. This followed a 3-year stint as the Executive Vice President of Academic and Student Affairs at the only institution of higher education on the island nation of Bermuda, Bermuda College. In his 42-year career in higher education he has served as a Professor, Dean, and Academic Vice President of colleges and universities around the country. He is a widely respected scholar and public speaker on the Holocaust and Contemporary Antisemitism and a recognized internationally published scholar in the fields of social policy and organization theory. Early in his career he was chosen Distinguished University Professor for his teaching and scholarship. In 1993, twenty years after graduating from Ohio University, Dr. Berkowitz was chosen as one of five distinguished alumni. In 1997 he was inducted into the Honor Society for International Scholars.